Dachshund Puppy 101: A Comprehensive Guide to Raising Your New Wiener Dog

The Dachshund, with its distinctive long body and short legs, is a breed that captures hearts with its charming personality and unique appearance. Originally bred in Germany for hunting badgers, these "sausage dogs" have become beloved companions worldwide.

This article delves into the fascinating world of Dachshunds, exploring their history, care requirements, and what potential owners should know before welcoming one into their home. Whether you're considering adopting a Dachshund or simply curious about this endearing breed, read on to discover the joys and challenges of Dachshund ownership.

Understanding the Dachshund Breed

Originally bred in Germany as hunting dogs, Dachshunds were specifically designed to hunt badgers. Their name literally means "badger dog" in German.

This heritage explains their long, low bodies perfect for burrowing, strong paws for digging, and loud bark that helped hunters locate them underground.

These brave little dogs come in three coat varieties: smooth-coated, long-haired, and wire-haired.

Before You Get a Dachshund

Before bringing a Dachshund puppy home, it's crucial to do your homework. Research the breed thoroughly and assess whether your lifestyle and living situation are suitable for a Dachshund.

Be aware of potential health issues, such as Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) and a tendency towards obesity.

Consider the financial and time commitments required, and ensure you're prepared for the long-term responsibility of pet ownership.

When you're ready to welcome a Dachshund into your life, seek out a reputable breeder or consider adoption from a rescue organization.




Setting Up for Your Dachshund Puppy

Prepare your home before your puppy arrives.

You'll need the basics:

  • high-quality puppy food
  • food and water dishes
  • comfortable bed
  • collar and leash.

Dachshunds benefit from a harness specially designed for their body shape to prevent strain on their long backs.

Don't forget to puppy-proof your home. Dachshunds are curious and can get into mischief.

  • Remove or secure toxic plants
  • Hide electrical cords
  • Use baby gates to restrict access to stairs
  • Store chemicals and medications out of reach
  • Remove small objects that could be choking hazards.

Caring for Your Dachshund Puppy

A consistent daily care routine is key to raising a healthy Dachshund.


Grooming needs vary based on coat type. Smooth coats need weekly brushing, while long and wire coats require brushing 2-3 times a week. Bathe your Dachshund every 4-6 weeks or as needed, and don't forget regular nail trims and ear cleaning.

  • Brush smooth coats weekly, long and wire coats 2-3 times a week
  • Bathe every 4-6 weeks or as needed
  • Trim nails regularly
  • Clean ears weekly
  • Brush teeth daily if possible, or at least 2-3 times a week


Exercise is crucial for Dachshunds, but be mindful of their delicate backs. Aim for 30-60 minutes of activity daily, split into shorter sessions. Include walks, playtime, and mental stimulation, but be cautious with jumping and stairs.

  • Provide 30-60 minutes of activity daily, split into shorter sessions
  • Include walks, playtime, and mental stimulation
  • Be cautious with jumping and stairs to protect their back

Health care:

Regular vet check-ups are essential. Keep vaccinations and parasite prevention up-to-date, and always monitor for signs of back problems or obesity.

  • Schedule regular vet check-ups
  • Keep vaccinations and parasite prevention up-to-date
  • Monitor for signs of back problems or obesity


Proper nutrition is vital for Dachshund puppies. Choose a high-quality puppy food formulated for small breeds.

  • Choose a high-quality puppy food formulated for small breeds
  • Feed approximately 1/2 to 1 cup of food daily, divided into meals
  • Adjust portions based on age, weight, and activity level
  • Avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity, which can strain their back
  • Always provide fresh water
  • As a general guideline, feed approximately 1/2 to 1 cup of food daily, divided into meals.

    Age (months) Daily Feeding Amount
    2-4 1/2 - 3/4 cup
    4-6 3/4 - 1 cup
    6-12 3/4 - 1 1/4 cups

    Adjust portions based on age, weight, and activity level. Always provide fresh water and avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity, which can strain their back.



    Training Your Dachshund Puppy

    Training a Dachshund can be challenging due to their stubborn nature, but it's not impossible.

    Dachshunds can be stubborn, making training a challenge. Here's how to approach it:

    1. Start training early (8-16 weeks old)
    2. Use positive reinforcement techniques
    3. Keep training sessions short (5-10 minutes)
    4. Be consistent with commands and rules
    5. Practice patience – progress may be slow

    Focus on essential commands like sit, stay, come, leave it, and down. Use treats and praise to reward good behavior, and consider clicker training for added effectiveness.

    Socialization is crucial for Dachshunds. Expose your puppy to various people, animals, environments, and experiences. Start socialization early, but wait until vaccinations are complete before exposing your puppy to unknown animals or environments.

    House training can be particularly challenging with Dachshunds.

    Follow these steps:

    1. Establish a consistent routine
    2. Take your puppy out frequently, especially after meals, naps, and playtime
    3. Use a crate when you can't supervise
    4. Praise and reward for eliminating outside
    5. Clean accidents thoroughly to remove odors
    6. Be patient – it may take several months for full house training

    Health Considerations

    Dachshunds are prone to certain health issues, particularly IVDD due to their long backs. Prevent jumping on and off furniture, use ramps for accessing high places, and maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk.

    Obesity is another concern, so monitor food intake, provide regular exercise, and avoid table scraps and excessive treats.

    Dental issues are also common, so brush teeth regularly, provide dental chews, and schedule professional cleanings.





    Understanding the Dachshund breed is crucial for providing the best care and creating a strong bond with these charismatic dogs. From their hunting heritage to their specific health considerations, Dachshunds require dedicated owners who can meet their unique needs.

    While they may present some challenges in training and health management, the love, loyalty, and entertainment a Dachshund brings to a home are immeasurable. By following the guidelines for proper care, nutrition, exercise, and training outlined in this article, you'll be well-equipped to give your Dachshund a happy, healthy life.

    Remember, owning a Dachshund is not just about having a pet – it's about welcoming a spirited, devoted companion into your family.



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